Sea Level Documentation Database

Documentation database, information sources and material on Sea Level


Cazenave, A. Y. Gouzenes, F. Birol, F. Leger, M. Passaro, F. M. Calafat, A. Shaw, F. Nino, J. F. Legeais, J. Oelsmann, M. Restano & J. Benveniste (2022), Sea level along the world’s coastlines can be measured by a network of virtual altimetry stations, Commun Earth Environ 3, 117,

Herbeck, J., and R. Siriwardane-de Zoysa (2022),Transformations of Urban Coastal Nature(s): Meanings and Paradoxes of Nature-Based Solutions for Climate Adaptation in Southeast Asia. In: Misiune, I., Depellegrin, D., Egarter Vigl, L. (eds) Human-Nature Interactions. Springer, Cham, doi:10.1007/978-3-031-01980-7_6.

Horwath M. et al. (2022), Global sea-level budget and ocean-mass budget, with a focus on advanced data products and uncertainty characterisation, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 411–447,

Karrasch, L., Grothmann, T., Michel, T. A., Wesselow, M., Wolter, H., Unger, A., ... & Siebenhüner, B. (2022). Integrating knowledge within and between knowledge types in transdisciplinary sustainability research: Seven case studies and an indicator framework. Environmental Science & Policy, 131, 14-25.

Wu, P.-C., M.M. Wei, and S. D’Hondt (2022), Subsidence in coastal cities throughout the world observed by InSAR, Geophysical Research Letters, 49, doi.:10.1029/2022GL098477.

Zhang X., S. Ojha, A. Köhl, H. Haak, J.H. Jungclaus, and D. Stammer (2022), Sea level changes mechanisms in the MPI-ESM under FAFMIP forcing conditions, Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-022-06231-2.


Nitzke A., B. Niedermann, L. Fenoglio-Marc, J. Kusche, and J.-H. Haunert (2021), Reconstructing the dynamic sea surface from tide gauge records using optimal data-dependent triangulations, Computers & Geosciences, accepted for publication.

Bott, L.-M., T. Schöne, J. Illinger, M.H. Haghighi, K. Gisevius, and B. Braun (2021), Land subsidence in Jakarta and Semarang Bay – The relationship between physical processes, risk perception, and household adaptation, Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 211, doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105775.

Cavaleri, L., Bertotti, L., Ferrarin, C., Passaro, M., Pezzutto, P., Pomaro, A.: Synergic use of altimeter and model sea level data in inner and coastal seas, Remote Sensing of Environment, 261, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2021.112500.

David, G., Hennig, A., Ratter, B.M.W., Roeber, V., Schlurmann, T. (2021), Considering socio-political framings when analyzing coastal climate change effects can prevent maldevelopment on small islands. Nature Communications, 12, 5882. Springer Nature, doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26082-5.

David, C.G., Kohl, N., Casella, E., Rovere, A., Ballesteros, P., Schlurmann, T. (2021), Structure-from-Motion on shallow reefs and beaches: potential and limitations of consumer-grade drones to reconstruct topography and bathymetry. Coral Reefs, 40 (3), pp. 835-851, doi: 10.1007/s00338-021-02088-9.

Dayan H., G. Le Cozannet, S. Speich, and R.Thiéblemont (2021), High-End Scenarios of Sea-Level Rise for Coastal Risk-Averse Stakeholders, Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.569992.

Edwards T., S. Nowicki, B. Marzeion, et al. (2021), Projected land ice contributions to twenty-first-century sea level rise, Nature, 593, 74–82, doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03302-y.

Hart-Davis, M.G., G. Piccioni, D. Dettmering, C. Schwatke, M. Passaro, and F. Seitz (2021), EOT20: a global ocean tide model from multi-mission satellite altimetry, Earth System Science Data, 13, 3869–3884, doi:10.5194/essd-13-3869-2021.

Huhn, O., M. Rhein, T. Kanzow, J. Schaffer, and J. Sültenfuß (2021), Submarine meltwater from Nioghalvfjerdsbræ (79 North Glacier), Northeast Greenland, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2021JC017224, doi: 10.1029/2021JC017224.

Lincke D., and J. Hinkel (2021), Coastal Migration due to 21st Century Sea-Level Rise, Earth's Future, 9(5), doi:10.1029/2020EF001965.

Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S.E., Lowe, J.A., Slangen, A., Wahl, T., Hinkel, J. and Long, A.J., 2020. Integrating new sea-level scenarios into coastal risk and adaptation assessments: An on-going process. WIREs Climate Change.

Nicholls, R.J., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J. Brown, S., Vafeidis, A. T., Meyssignac, B., Hanson, S. E., Merkens, J-L., Fang, J., (2021), A global analysis of subsidence, relative sea-level change and coastal flood exposure. Nat. Clim. Chang, doi:10.1038/s41558-021-00993-z.

Palmer M.D., C. M. Domingues, A.B.A. Slangen and F. Boeira Dias (2021), An ensemble approach to quantify global mean sea-level rise over the 20th century from tide gauge reconstructions, Environmental Research Letters, 16, 044043, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/abdaec.

Passaro M, Müller FL, Oelsmann J, Rautiainen L, Dettmering D, Hart-Davis MG, Abulaitijiang A, Andersen OB, Høyer JL, Madsen KS, Ringgaard IM, Särkkä J, Scarrott R, Schwatke C, Seitz F, Tuomi L, Restano M and Benveniste J (2021) Absolute Baltic Sea Level Trends in the Satellite Altimetry Era: A Revisit. Front. Mar. Sci. 8:647607, doi.:10.3389/fmars.2021.647607.

Prandi, P., Meyssignac, B., Ablain, M. Spada, G., Ribes, A. & Benveniste, J., (2021), Local sea level trends, accelerations and uncertainties over 1993-2019. Sci Data 8, 1, doi:10.1038/s41597-020-00786-7.

Rohmer, J.; Lincke, D.; Hinkel, J.; Le Cozannet, G.; Lambert, E.; Vafeidis, A.T. (2021), Unravelling the Importance of Uncertainties in Global-Scale Coastal Flood Risk Assessments under Sea Level Rise. Water 2021, 13, 774,

Siriwardane-de Zoysa, R. and Amoo-Adare, E. 2021. The bi-polar waterfront: Paradoxes of contemporary shoreline-making in contemporary Accra and Colombo. In P. Godfrey and M. Buchanan (eds.). Global Im-Possibilities: Exploring the Paradoxes of Just Sustainabilities. Zed Books, London.

Siriwardane-de Zoysa, R., T. Schöne, J. Herbeck, J. Illigner, M. Haghighi, H. Simarmata, E. Porio, A. Rovere, and A-K. Hornidge (2021), The 'wickedness' of governing land subsidence: Policy perspectives from urban Southeast Asia. PLOS ONE, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0250208.

Siriwardane-de Zoysa, R., Sondang, I.F., and Ganda Purnama, A, 2021, Opto-Haptic Fieldwork Encounters in Pandemic Southeast Asia. Fieldsights, Members' Voices. Society for Cultural Anthropology.

Willen, M.O., T. Broerse, A. Groh, B. Wouters, P Kuipers Munneke, M. Horwath, M.R. van den Broeke, and L. Schröder (2021), Separating Long-Term and Short-Term Mass Changes of Antarctic Ice Drainage Basins: A Coupled State Space Analysis of Satellite Observations and Model Products, JGR Earth Surface, vol. 126, doi:10.1029/2020JF005966.


Bott, L.M. (2020), Living with sea level change and coastal flooding – Collective responses of households and communities in Indonesia. Dissertation Universität zu Köln.

Bott, L.-M., B. Pritchard, and B. Braun (2020), Translocal social capital as a resource for community-based responses to coastal flooding – Evidence from urban and rural areas on Java, Indonesia, Geoforum, doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2020.08.012.

Bender, M. T. Mann, P. Stocchi, D. Kneer, T. Schöne, J. Illigner, J. Jompa, and A. Rovere (2020), Late Holocene (0–6 ka) sea-level changes in the Makassar Strait, Indonesia: Clim. Past, 16(4), doi: 10.5194/cp-16-1187-2020.

Bunzel, D., Y. Milker, K. Müller-Navarra, H.W. Arz, J. Friedrich, N. Lahajnar, G. Schmiedl (2020), Integrated stratigraphy of foreland salt-marsh sediments of the south-eastern North Sea region, Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 53, 415-442, doi:10.1127/nos/2020/0540.

David G., and T. Schlurmann (2020), Hydrodynamic drivers and morphological responses on small coral islands - The Thoondu spit on Fuvahmulah, the Maldives, Front. Mar. Sci., doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.538675.

Lang, A., and Mikolajewicz, U. (2020), Rising extreme sea levels in the German Bight under enhanced CO2 levels: a regionalized large ensemble approach for the North Sea, Clim Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05357-5.

Li, F., J. Kusche, R. Rietbroek, Z. Wang, E. Forootan, K. Schulze, and C. Lück (2020), Comparison of Data-driven Techniques to Reconstruct (1992-2002) and Predict (2017-2018) GRACE-like Gridded Total Water Storage Changes using Climate Inputs, Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1029/2019WR026551. 

Schlüter, A., van Assche, K., Hornidge, A.-K. and Văidianu, N. (2020): Governing Land Sea Interaction. OceanGov Policy Brief 2020/01. European COST Action CA15217.

Siriwardane-de Zoysa, R., Schöne, T., Herbeck, J., Illigner, J., Haghighi, M., Simarmata, H., Porio, E., Rovere, A & Hornidge, A-K. (submitted) The Wickedness of Governing Land Subsidence: Policy Perspectives from Urban Southeast Asia. Submitted to PLOS One.

Siriwardane-de Zoysa, Rapti (2020), Beyond the Wall: Dying as an object of everyday governance in the Bay of Manila, Marine Policy, 112, doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103661.

Siriwardane-de Zoysa, R., and J.Herbeck (2020), Futuring ‘Blue Urbanisms’: Pluralising the Littoral in Urban Southeast Asia, International Sociological Association's (ISA) e-Symposium.

Willen, M. O., Horwath, M., Schröder, L., Groh, A., Ligtenberg, S. R. M., Kuipers Munneke, P., and van den Broeke, M. R. (2020), Sensitivity of inverse glacial isostatic adjustment estimates over Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 14, 349–366, doi: 10.5194/tc-14-349-2020.

Wreford, A., R. Dittrich, and T. D. van der Pol (2020), The aded value of real options analysis for climate change adaptation, WIRE's Climate Change, doi:10.1002/wcc.642.

Yang, H. G. Lohmann, U. Krebs-Kanzow, M. Ionita, X. Shi, D. Sidorenko, X. Gong, X. Chen, and E.J. Gowan (2020), Poleward Shift of the Major Ocean Gyres Detected in a Warming Climate, G.R.L., 47(5), doi: 10.1029/2019GL085868.

Yang, H.G., G. Lohnmann, J. Lu, E.J. Gowan, X. Shi, J. Liu, and Q. Wang (2020), Tropical Expansion Driven by Poleward Advancing Midlatitude Meridional Temperature Gradients: JGR Atmospheres, doi: 10.1029/2020JD033158.


Aarup, T., G. Wöppelmann, P.L. Woodworth, F. Hernandez, B. Vanhoorne, T. Schöne, and P.R. Thompson (2019), Comments on the article "Uncertainty and bias in electronic tide-gauge records: Evidence from collocated sensors" by Stella Pytharouli, Spyros Chaikalis, Stathis C. Stiros in Measurement (Volume 125, September 2018), Measurement, 135,613-616, doi:10.1016/j.measurement.2018.12.007.

Andrijevic, M., J. Crespo Cuaresma, R. Muttarak, R. et al., (2019), Governance in socioeconomic pathways and its role for future adaptive capacity, Nat Sustain, doi:10.1038/s41893-019-0405-0.

Becker, M., M. Karpytchev, and F. Papa (2019), Chapter 7- Hotspots of Relative Sea Level Rise in the Tropics, Tropical Extremes: Natural Variability and Trends, Elsevier, 203-262, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-809248-4.00007-8.

Bott, L.M., L. Ankel, and B. Braun (2019), Adaptive neighborhoods: The interrelation of urban form, social capital, and T responses to coastal hazards in Jakarta, Geoforum, 106, 202-213, doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2019.08.016.

Bott, L.M., and B. Braun (2019), How do households respond to coastal hazards? A framework for accommodating strategies using the example of Semarang Bay, Indonesia, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 37(101177), doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101177.

Braun, M.H., P. Malz, C. Sommer, D. Farías-Barahona, T. Sauter, G. Casassa, A. Soruco, P. Skvarca, and T.C. Seehaus (2019), Constraining glacier elevation and mass changes in S. America, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0375-7.

Chafik, L., J.E.Ø. Nilsen, S. Dangendorf, G. Reverdin, and T. Frederikse (2019), North Atlantic Ocean Circulation and Decadal Sea Level Change During the Altimetry Era, Scientific Reports, 9(1041), doi:10.1038/s41598-018-37603-6.

Claudet, J., et al., (2019), A Roadmap for Using the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development in Support of Science, Policy, and Action, One Earth, 2(1), doi:10.1016/j.oneear.2019.10.012.

Dangendorf, S., C. Hay, F.M. Calafat, M. Marcos, C.G. Piecuch, K. Berk, and J. Jensen (2019), Persistent acceleration in global sea-level rise since the 1960s, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0531-8.

Edwards, T.L., M.A. Brandon, G., Durand, N.R. Edwards, N.R. Golledge, P.B. Holden, I.J. Nias, C. Ritz, and A. Wernecke (2019), Revisiting Antarctic ice loss due to marine ice cliff instability, Nature, 566(7742), 58-64. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-0901-4.

Eis, J., F. Maussion, and B. Marzeion (2019), Initialization of a global glacier model based on present-day glacier geometry and past climate information: an ensemble approach, The Cryosphere, 13, 3317-3335, doi:10.5194/tc-13-3317-2019.

Esteban, M., Ma. L. Jamero, L. Nurse, L. Yamamoto, H. Takagi, N.D. Thao, T. Mikami, P. Kench, M. Onuki, A. Nellas, R. Crichton, V.P. Valenzuela, C. Chadwick, J.E. Avelino, N. Tan, T. Shibayama (2019), Adaptation to sea level rise on low coral islands: Lessons from recent events, Ocean & Coastal Management, 168, 35-40, doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.10.031.

Ferro-Azcona, H., A. Espinoza-Tenorio, R. Calderón-Contreras, V.C. Ramenzoni, M.M.G País, M.A. Mesa-Jurado, Adaptive capacity and social-ecological resilience of coastal areas: A systematic review, Ocean & Coastal Management,173, 36-51, doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.01.005.

Fujii, Y., E. Rémy, H. Zuo, P. Oke, G.Halliwell, F. Gasparin, M. Benkiran, N. Loose, J. Cummings, J. Xie, Y. Xue, S. Masuda, G.C. Smith, M. Balmaseda, C. Germineaud, D.J. Lea, G. Larnicol, L. Bertino, A. Bonaduce, Pi. Brasseur, C. Donlon, P. Heimbach, Y.H. Kim, V. Kourafalou, P.-Y. Le Traon, M. Martin, S. Paturi, B. Tranchant and N. Usui (2019), Observing System Evaluation Based on Ocean Data Assimilation and Prediction Systems: On-Going Challenges and a Future Vision for Designing and Supporting Ocean Observational Networks, Frontiers in Marine Science, 29, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00417.

Ghanbari, M., M. Arabi, J. Obeysekera, and W. Sweet (2019), A Choherent Statistical Model for Coastal Flood Frequency Analysis Under Nonstationary Sea level Conditions, Earth's Science, 7(2), doi:10.1029/2018EF001089.

Goldberg, D.N., N. Gourmalen, S. Kimura, R. Millan, and K. Snow (2019), How accurately Should We Model Ice Shelf Melt Rates?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46(1), 189-199, doi:10.1029/2018GL080383.

Haasnoot, M., S. Brown, P. Scussolini, J.A. Scussolini, A. Vafeidis, and R. Nicholls (2019a), Generic adaptation pathways for coastal archetypes under uncertain sea-level rise, Environmental Research Communications, doi:10.1088/2515-7620/ab1871.

Hall, J.A., C.P. Weaver, J. Obeysekera, M. Crowell, R. M. Horton, R. E. Kopp, J. Marburger, D.C. Marcy, A. Parris, W.V. Sweet, W.C. Veatch and K.D. White (2019), Rising Sea Levels: Helping Decision-Makers Confront the Inevitable, Coastal Management, 47, 127-150, doi:10.1080/08920753.2019.1551012.

Hinkel, J., J.A. Church, J.M. Gregory, E. Lambert, G. Le Cozannet, J. Lowe, K.L. McInnes, R.J. Nicholls, T. van der Pol, and R. van de Wal (2019), Meeting User Needs for Sea Level RIse Information: A Decision Analysis Perspective, Earth's Future, 7, 320-337, doi:10.1029/2018EF001071.

Horton, B.P., R.E. Kopp, A. Dutton, and T.A. Shaw (2019), Geological records of past sea-level changes as constraints for future projections, Past Global Changes Magazine, 27(1), 28-29, doi:10.22498/pages.27.1.28.

IPCC (2019): Summary for Policymakers. In: IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [H.-O. Pörtner, D.C.Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, M. Tignor, E. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, M. Nicolai, A. Okem, J. Petzold, B. Rama, N. Weyer (eds.)]. In press.

Izumi, T., R. Shaw, M. Ishiwatari, R. Djalante, and T. Komino (2019), 30 innovations for disaster risk reduction by IRIDeS, Keio University, the University of Tokyo, UNU-IAS, CWS Japan, Japan, 80 pages.

Klos, A., J. Kusche, L. Fenoglio-Marc, M.S. Bos, and J. Bogusz (2019), Introducing a vertical land motion model for improving estimates of sea level rates derived from tide gauge records affected by earthquakes, GPS Solutions, 23(102), doi:10.1007/s10291-019-0896-1.

Lang, A., and U. Mikolajewicz (2019), The long-term variability of extreme sea levels in the German Bight, Ocean Sci., 15, 651-668, doi:10.5194/os-15-651-2019.

Le Cozannet, G., T. Bulteau, B. Castelle, R. Ranasinghe, G. Wöppelmann, J. Rohmer, N. Bernon, D. Idier, J. Louisor, and D. Salas-y-Mélia (2019), Quantifying uncertainties of sandy shoreline change projections as sea level rises, Scientific Reports, 9(42), doi:10.1038/s41598-018-37017-4.

Lozier, M.S., S. Bacon, F. Bahr, A.S. Bower, S.A. Cunningham, M.F. de Jong, L. de Steur, B. deYoung, J. Fischer, S.F. Gary, B.J.W. Greenan, N.P. Holliday, A. Houk, L. Houpert, M.E. Inall, W.E. Hohns, H.L. Johnson, C. Johnson, J. Karstensen, G. Koman, I.A. Le Bras, X. Lin, N. Mackay, D.P. Marshall, H. Mercier, M. Oltmanns, R.S. Pickart, A. L. Ramsey, D. Rayner, F. Straneo, V. Thierry, D.J. Torres, R.G. Williams, C. Wilson, J. Yang, I. Yashayaev, and J. Zhao (2019), A sea change in our view of overturning in the subpolar North Atlantic, Science, 363(6426), doi:10.1126/science.aau6592.

Mann, T., M. Bender, T. Lorscheid, P. Stocchi, M. Vacchi, A.D. Switzer, and A. Rovere (2019), Holocene sea levels in SOutheast Asia, Maldives, India and Sri Lanka: The SEAMIS database, Quaternary Science Reviews, 219, 112-125, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.07.007.

Medley B., and E.R. Thomas (2019), Increased snowfall over the Antarctic Ice Sheet mitigated twentieth-century sea-level rise, Nature Climate Change, 9, 34-39, doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0356-x.

McDonald, K.S., A.J. Hobday, P.A. Thompson, A. Lenton, R.L. Stephenson, B.D. Mapstone, L.X.C. Dutra, C. Bessey, F. Boschetti, C. Cvitanovic, C.M. Bulman, E.A. Fulton, C.H. Moeseneder, H. Pethybridge, E.E. Plagányi, E.I. van Putten, and P.C. Rothlisberg (2019), Proactive, Reactive, and Inactive Pathways for Scientists in a Changing World, Earth's Future, 7, doi:10.1029/2018EF000990.

Moss, R., S. Avery, K. Baja, M. Burkett, S. William, A. Chischilly, J. Dell, P. Fleming, K. Geil, K. Jacobs, A. Jones, K. Knowlton, J. Koh, M. Lemos, J. Melillo, R. Pandya, T. Richmond, L. Scarlett, J. Snyder, M. Stults, A. Waple, J. Whitehead, D. Zarrilli, B. Ayyub, J. Fox, A. Ganguly, L. Joppa, S. Julius, P. Kirshen, R. Kreutter, A. McGovern, R. Meyer, J. Neumann, W. Solecki, J. Smith, P. Tissot, G. Yohe, and R. Zimmerman (2019), Evaluating Knowledge to Support Climate Action: A Framework for Sustained Assessment, Wea. Climate Soc., doi:10.1175/WCAS-D-18-0134.1.

Müller-Navarra, K., Y. Milker, D. Bunzel, S. Lindhorst, J. Friedrich, H. Arz, and G. Schmiedl (2019), Evolution of a salt marsh in the southeastern North Sea region - Anthropogenic and natural forcing, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 218, 268-277, doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2018.12.022.

Nauels, A., J. Gütschow, M. Mengel, M. Meinschausen, P.U. Clark, and C.-F. Schleussner (2019), Attributing long-term sea-level rise to Paris Agreement emission pledges, PNAS, doi:10.1073/pnas.1907461116.

Neukom, R., L.A. Barboza, M.P. Erb, F. Shi, J. Emile-Geay, M.N. Evans, J. Franke, D.S. Kaufman, L. Lücke, K. Rehfeld, A. Schurer, F. Zhu, S. Brönnimann, G.J. Hakim, B.J. Henley, F.C. Ljungqvist, N. McKay, V. Valler, L. von Gunten, and PAGES 2k Consortium (2019), Consistent multidecadal variability in global temperature reconstructions and simulations over the Common Era, Nature Geoscience, 12, 643-649, doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0400-0.

Neukom, R., N. Steiger, J.J. Gomez-Navarro, J. Wang and J.P. Werner (2019), No evidence for globally coherent warm and cold periods over the preindustrial Common Era, Nature, 571, 550-554, doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1401-2.

Nieuwhof, A., M. Bakker, E. Knol, G.J. de Langen, J.A.W. Nocolay, D. Postma, M. Schepers, T.W. Varwijk, and P.C. Pos (2019), Adapting to the sea: Human habitation in the coastal area of the northern Netherlands before medieval dike building, Ocean & Coastal Management, 173, 77-89, doi:j.ocecoaman.2019.02.014.

Rudenko, S., S. Esselborn, T. Schöne, and D. Dettmering (2019), Impact of terrestrial reference frame realizations on altimetry satellite orbit quality and global and regional sea level trends: a switch from ITRF2008 to ITRF2014, Solid Earth, 10, 293-305, doi:10.5194/se-10-293-2019.

Stammer, D., R.S.W. van de Wal, R.J. Nicholls, J.A. Church, G. Le Cozannet, J.A. Lowe, B.P. Horton, K. White, D. Behar, and J. Hinkel (2019), Framework for high-end estimates of sea-level rise for stakeholder applications, accepted in Earth's Future.

Uebbing, B., J. Kusche, R. Rietbroek, and F.W. Landerer (2019), Processing choices affect ocean mass estimates from GRACE, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124, doi:10.1029/2018JC014341.

Yang, H.; Lohmann, G.; Shi, X.; Li, C. Enhanced Mid-Latitude Meridional Heat Imbalance Induced by the Ocean. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 746.

Zanna, L., S. Khatiwala, J.M. Gregory, J. Ison, and P. Heimbach (2019), Global reconstruction of historical ocean heat storage and transport, PNAS, doi:10.1073/pnas.1808838115.

Zemp, M., M. Huss, E.Thibert, N. Eckert, R. McNabb, J. Huber, M. Barandun, H. Machguth, S.U. Nussbaumer, I. Gärtner-Roer, L. Thomson, F. Paul, F. Maussion, S. Kutuzov, and J.G. Cogley (2019), Global glacier mass changes and their contributions to sea-level rise from 1961 to 2016, Nature, doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1071-0.

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Alfieri, L., F. Dottori, R. Betts, P. Salamon, and L. Feyen (2018), Multi-model Projections of River Flood Risk in Europe under Global Warming, Climate, 6(1), doi:10.3390/cli6010006.

Armitage, T.W.K., R. Kwok, A.F. Thompson, and G. Cunningham (2018), Dynamic topography and sea level anomalies of the Southern Ocean: Variability and teleconnections, J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JC013534.

Becherer, J., J. Hofstede, U. Gräwe, K. Purkiani, E. Schulz and H. Burchard (2018), The Wadden Sea in transition - consequences of sea level rise: Ocean Dyn., 68, 131-151, doi:10.1007/s10236-017-1117-5.

Bronselaer, B., M. Winton, S.M. Griffies, W.J. Hurlin, K. B. Rodgers, O.V. Sergienko, R.J. Souffer, and J.L. Russell (2018), Change in future climate due to Antarctic meltwater, Nature, doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0712-z.

Cha, S.-C., J.-H. Moon, and Y.T. Song (2018), A Recent Shift Toward an El-Niño-Like Ocean State in the Tropical Pacific and the Resumption of Ocean Warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(21), 11885-11894, doi:10.1029/2018GL080651.

CLIVAR Exchanges, and US CLIVAR Variations (2018), A joint special edition on "Sea Level Rise", 16(1), doi:10.5065/D6445K82.

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