Ocean – ice sheet interaction

The interface between oceans and ice sheets plays an important role in the future melting of ice sheets. However, the processes occurring at this interface are only poorly understood and therefore, the interface is not well represented in climate models (Joughin et al., 2012). Changes in ocean dynamics and heat supply lead to thinning of ice shelves and subsequently reduced buttressing, causing an acceleration of the draining ice streams (Joughin et al., 2012). Increased ice discharge also contributes to the thermo- and halosteric sea level change through melting of icebergs distributed by ocean currents. Ice sheet instability, occurring from the retreat of grounding lines of marine ice sheets, is a second factor that influences regional sea level change. Evidence is emerging that the accelerated melting and retreat of glaciers and ice sheets contribute significantly to recent and future sea level change (Rignot et al., 2011). However, our understanding of contemporary and future contributions from ice melt to regional sea level change is only rudimentary.

To make progress, we need to investigate:

  1. what are the changes in the ocean circulation and respective transports of warm water onto the continental shelves
  2. what is the response of ice sheets to this warmer water and their internal variability
  3. what is the solid Earth response to ice sheet mass loss?

Answering those questions specifically requires investigating the ice-ocean interaction, grounding line dynamics and calving of outlet glaciers, as well as the ocean dynamics in fjords including ventilation, plumes and the transport mechanisms of warm deep water onto the shelf, the response of the solid Earth to ice load changes and self-gravitation (e.g., Hellmer et al., 2012).

Human dimensions of sea level change

Sea level rise is threatening coastal societies with a large range of socio-economic consequences. This includes a reduction or loss of vital coastal ecosystem services such as ...

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Recent and future large-scale sea level changes

Since the end of the 19th century, global mean sea level is estimated to have risen by about 20 cm, and the rise appears to have accelerated during the past two decades ...

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Ocean – ice sheet interaction

The interface between oceans and ice sheets plays an important role in the future melting of ice sheets. However, the processes occurring at this interface are only poorly understood and ...

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Solid Earth sea level change contributions

For quantitative projections of regional sea level change we need to quantify factors arising from the visco-elastic response of the solid Earth to ice/water mass redistributions ...

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Shelf sea dynamics and storm surges

Quantitative projections of future coastal sea level changes and an accurate assessment of socioeconomic impacts of high-end sea level and extreme events demand to improve ...

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Scientific Objectives

As its central scientific objective, SeaLevel aims to perform an integrated analysis of climaterelated sea level change and associated coastal human-environment interactions with a focus on two study regions ...

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